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English to Suomi (Finnish) Knitting Glossary

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Knit mittens

If you can add any of the missing definitions marked as “xxx“to this list please let me know.

English Suomi (Finnish)
aran(sweater typical of Aran Islands off the coast of Ireland); aran weight(describes yarn of medium weight, suitable for knitting at gauge of 16 to 20 stitches per 10cm (= 4 inches), with 4.5 – 5.5mm needles (US7 – US9), (No. 4 inStandard Yarn Weight System, xxx
backwards loop (cast on) = single (cast on) xxx
ball(s) (of yarn) kerä(ä) (lankaa)
batt(s) (of fiber) xxx
beret(s) baskeri
bind off (BO), cast off (CO) päätellä
(to) block, blocking xxx
button(s) nappi (napit)
buttonhole(s) napinläpi (napinlävet)
cable(s) palmikko, palmikot
cable (cast on) xxx
cable 2 back (C2B) (place 2 stitches on holder behind work, knit the next 2 stitches, then knit the stitches from the holder ; makes a right leaning cable) xxx
cable 2 front (C2F) (place 2 stitches on holder in front of work, knit the next 2 stitches, then knit the stitches from the holder ; makes a left leaning cable) xxx
cap(s) (soft head covering that loses some of its shape when off the head) pipo, myssy
cap(s) (head covering with a firm brim in front) lippalakki
(to) card xxx
cardigan(s)(sweater with full length front opening) villatakki
cast off (CO), bind off (BO) päätellä
cast on (CO) luoda
circular needle(s) ( CIRC(S) ) pyöröpuikko
coat(s)(heavy garment that opens in front, to wear outdoors) takki
(to) crochet virkata
cuff(s) (of a mitten or glove) xxx
cuff(s) (of a sock) xxx
cushion(s) sohvatyyny(t)
decrease(s) (DECR) kaventaa
double tupla, kaksois
double pointed needle(s) (DPN) sukkapuikko (sukkapuikot)
(to) drop a stitch, dropped stitch(es) xxx
duplicate stitch xxx
edge(s) reuna
even 1. even(rows) 2. (to) knit even xxx
Fair Isle (type of stranded knitting with two colors per row or round) xxx
felt, felting huovuttaa
finished object(s) (FO) valmis työ
(to) frog xxx
garter stitch ainaoikein
gauge (US), tension (UK) käsiala
German twisted cast on = Old Norwegian cast on xxx
glove(s) hansikas (hanksikkaat)
glove(s), fingerless xxx
(to) graft xxx
gusset xxx
handspun käsinkehrätty
hat(s) (US),toque(s) (UK-Can), cap(s)(soft head covering that loses some of its shape when off the head) pipo
hat(s) (firm head covering that keeps its shape when off the head) hattu
1. hem(s) 2.(to) hem päärme
1. I-cord 2.attached I-cord xxx
increase(s) (INCR) lisäys
increase (by making one) (M1) Lisää yksi silmukka; kahden silmukan välinen lanka puikoile ja neulo se kiertäen
increase (by yarn over) (YO) (see also “make one”) langankierto, lk
invisible cast on = provisional cast on xxx
jacket(s)(long sleeved garment, opens in front, heavier than a cardigan, can mean light enough for indoor wear, or heavier weight for outdoor wear; suit jacket) xxx
Kitchener stitch Silmukointi, kappleleiden yhdistäminen silukoita jäljitellen
knit (stitch) (K) oikein
(to) knit (K) kutoa, neuloa
knit into front and back(increase by making 1 knit stitch into right/front loop, then knit into left/back loop of the same stitch) (KFP) Neulo silmukka etu- ja takareunastaan
knitter(s) neuloja
knitting machine(s) neulekone
knitting-on (cast on) xxx
lace pitsi
lining vuori
lock(s) (tufts of wool / fiber) xxx
long tail (cast on) xxx
make one left / front (M1L/M1F)(left leaning M1 increase) xxx
make one right / back (M1R/M1B)(right leaning M1 increase) xxx
marker(s) (place marker (PM), slip marker) Aseta silmukkamerkki; ks. myös SM
mitten(s) lapanen (lapaset)
moss stitch Helmineule
napkin(s) servietti
odd (rows) nurja (puoli)
Old Norwegian cast on = German twisted cast on xxx
(knitting) pattern(s) neulemalli
pick up (stitches),pick up and knit(stitches)
pillowcase(s) tyynyliina(t)
placemat(s) xxx
provisional cast on = invisible cast on xxx
purl (stitch) (P) nurin
rib (stitch), ribbing(1×1 = k1p1 repeatedly, 3×2 = k3p2 repeatedly, etc.) resori
right side (RS) oikea puoli
round (one row in circular knitting), (to) knit in the round pyöröneule
roving xxx
row(s) rivi(t)
seam(s) sauma(t)
seed stitch xxx
self patterning yarn xxx
self striping yarn xxx
selvedge xxx
(to) sew ommella
short row(s) xxx
sleeve(s) hiha(t)
slip (knitwise=as if to knit=insert right needle into front of stitch, purlwise=as if to purl=insert right needle into back of stitch) (SL) xxx
slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over (SKP, SKPSSO): slip one stitch knitwise, knit the next stitch, pass slipped stitch over knit stitch (makes aleft leaning decrease) xxx
slip, slip, knit (SSK): slip two stitches knitwise (right loops are now in back), insert left needle into the front (left) side of these 2 stitches, knit the 2 stitches together through back (right) loops (makes a left leaning decrease) xxx
slip, slip, purl (SSP): slip two stitches knitwise, return them to left needle (right side of loops is in back), purl 2 together through back loops xxx
snap(s) neppari(t)
sock(s) sukka (sukat)
sole(s) pohja(t)
(to) spin (into yarn) kehrätä
square(s) neliö(t)
stitch(es) (ST) silmukka (silmukat)
stitch pattern xxx
stocking stitch, stockinette stitch (ST ST) sileäneule
stranded knitting xxx
stripe(s) raita (raidat)
swatch xxx
sweater(s), pullover(s)(pullover style) pusero
tablecloth(s) pöytäliina
tam(s) xxx
tension (UK), gauge käsiala
(to) tink (invented term that comes from “knit” spelled backwards)
unfinished object(s) (UFO) xxx
(to) unravel purkaa
visor (of cap) xxx
work(s) in progress (WIP) keskeneräinen työ
wrong side (WS) nurja puoli
yarn(s) lanka (langat)
yarn forward (YFWD, YF) (and over needle (YFON), and round needle (YFRN) = YO) xxx
yarn over(s) (YO) xxx

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