Shell Pattern for a Baby’s Cap

Sample for Shell Pattern for a Baby's Cap

From Exercises in Knitting by Cornelia Mee. Original text at Project Gutenberg.

Shell pattern on the needles

This is the shell pattern as it is knitted. The 1X1 ribbing at the bottom of the sample is not part of the shell pattern.

Sample for Shell Pattern for a Baby's Cap

Shell pattern on a beanie

This is the shell pattern used for a simple hat. Again, the 1X1 ribbing at the bottom is not part of the pattern. This sample was knit on 4mm (US 6) needles with DK weight yarn.

Original Pattern

Pins No. 22, and the finest linen thread.

The front part is knit with 2 needles only. Cast on 208 stitches, knit 5 rows plain for the beginning.

After these 5, you must diminish 1 stitch in every shell, so as to have only 192.

Then 3 rows of the pattern, or shells, 2 rows of holes (for putting narrow ribbon in) before doing the pattern again, which is done in this manner: bring your thread forward, knit 2 stitches together, and so on to the end of your needle.

Knit 5 rows of plain between these 2 rows of holes; when this is concluded, knit 4 rows of the shells, and then 2 rows of the holes the same as before, with the 5 plain rows between, then again 2 rows of the pattern or shells.

You now take your two other needles, and increase 43 stitches for the back of the head;

2 rows plain, 1 row for putting ribbon in, and 3 rows plain, then knit 8 rows of the shells; the 7th row you must have 7 holes in each shell, and the 8th but 6.

After this, seam the first and second stitches, knit the third plain, without taking it off, and twist it so as to make 2 stitches of this last one; then seam the fifth, slip the sixth without knitting, knit the seventh plain, and pass the sixth over, knit the eighth plain, slip the ninth, and the tenth knit plain, and pass the ninth over it.

The next row: seam the first stitch, slip the second, knit the third, and pass the second over without taking it off, and knit it twisted; twist the fourth, seam the fifth, and knit the 3 remaining plain.

After this row, knit 2 rows plain all round; after these, make a row of holes (for putting ribbon in) by taking 2 stitches together, and making one as before.

First 3 rows plain all round, another row of holes, and then 3 rows plain.

Then do the pattern 8 shells round the cap, and so continue until you have but 5 stitches instead of 9 (not including the 2 twisted, and the seamed).

After this row, seam the 1st, twist the 2d and 3d, seam the 4th, raise a stitch by picking up a loop, slip the 5th, knit the 6th, and pass the 5th over, knit the 7th plain, and take the 8th and 9th together, raise one stitch before beginning to seam.

The next row:—Seam the 1st, slip the 2d, knit the 3d plain, and pass the 2d half through, and knit it plain, seam the 4th, knit the 5th plain, slip the 6th without knitting, knit the 7th, and pass over the 6th to the left, and the 8th to the right, knit the 9th plain.

Then do 2 rows of plain knitting all round, 2 rows of the holes (for ribbon), knitting 2 rows plain to divide them, and 4 plain rows to finish with. Take off your stitches on a needle with coarse thread, and tie it up.

The pattern stitch:—First row:—Seam the 1st stitch, twist the 2d and 3d, seam the 4th, knit the 5th plain, bring your thread forward, and so continue for 9 stitches plain, counting the 5th for 1; by putting your thread forward, you will have 17 stitches.

Second row:—Seam the 1st stitch, twist the 2d and 3d, seam the 4th, and knit the 17 plain when with 4 needles, and seam them when with 2.

Third row:—Seam the 1st, twist the 2d and 3d, seam the 4th, slip the 5th, knit the 6th plain, and pass over the 5th; knit 15 stitches plain, including the 6th, and take 2 together at the 15th.

Fourth row:—The same as the 3d, with the exception of the number, which is 13 this time, diminishing at the first and thirteenth as before.

Fifth row:—The same as the fourth row, only 11 stitches instead of 13.

Sixth row:—The same as the fifth, only 9 stitches instead of 11.

After the 6 rows, you begin at the first again, the 6 rows comprising all the pattern.

Updated Version

Note: This is a preliminary pattern and needs someone to test it and make corrections.

Materials

Knitting needles: Old UK size No. 22/ US 000000 (6/0), Metric 0.7mm,
fine linen thread.

Pattern

The front part is knit flat. K3 stitches at the beginning and end of each shell pattern row. This will not be repeated in the pattern (work in shell pattern stitch only once you start knitting in the round).

Cast on 208 stitches and knit 5 rows

6th row decrease 16sts across evenly as follows: K13, (k2tog, k10) 15 times, k2tog, k13 (192sts)

Repeat rows 1-6 of shell pattern 3 times (18 rows)

Next row K1, *yo, k2tog; repeat from * to last stitch, k1
Knit 5 rows

Next row K1, *yo, k2tog; repeat from * to last stitch, k1
Repeat rows 1-6 of shell pattern 4 times (24 rows)

Next row K1, *yo, k2tog; repeat from * to last stitch, k1
Knit 5 rows

Next row K1, *yo, k2tog; repeat from * to last stitch, k1

Repeat rows 1-6 of shell pattern twice (12 rows)

From now on you will be knitting in the round

Cast on 42sts for the back of the head (234sts)

Knit 2 rounds garter stitch

Next round: (yo, k2tog) around

Work 3 rounds garter stitch

Work 6 repeats of the shell pattern (36 rows)

Begin decreasing in shell pattern (chart follows):

1st round: *P1, k2tbl, p2tog, (yo, k1) 7 times, k1; repeat from * to end of round

2nd round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, k15; repeat from * to end of round

3rd round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k11, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

4th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

5th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k7, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

6th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k5, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (216sts)

7th round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, (yo, k1) 6 times, k1; repeat from * to end of round

8th round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, k13; repeat from * to end of round

9th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

10th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k7, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

11th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k5, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

12th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k3, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (198sts)

How to work the decreses on the Shell Pattern for a Baby's Cap

Next round: *P2, inc (knit into the front and back of the stitch), p1, ssk, k1, ssk; repeat from * to end of round (176sts)

Next round: P1, ssk tbl, k1tbl, p1, k3; repeat from * to end of round (154sts)

Work 2 rounds garter st

Next round: *k2tog, yo; repeat from * to end of round

Work 3 rounds garter st

Next round: *k2tog, yo; repeat from * to end of round

Work 3 rounds garter st, increasing 2 sts in the final round (156sts)

Work 6 rounds of shell pattern stitch (36 rounds) then decrease in shell pattern as follows:

1st round: *P1, k2tbl, p2tog, (yo, k1) 7 times, k1; repeat from * to end of round

2nd round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, k15; repeat from * to end of round

3rd round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k11, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

4th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

5th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k7, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

6th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k5, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (132sts)

7th round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, (yo, k1) 6 times, k1; repeat from * to end of round

8th round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, k13; repeat from * to end of round

9th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

10th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k7, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

11th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k5, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round

12th round: * P1, k2tbl, p1, SSK, k3, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (108sts)

Next round: *P1, k2tbl, p1, m1, ssk, k1, k2tog, m1; repeat from * to end (108sts)

Next round: *P1, ssk, p1, k1, slip 2 together, k1, psso, k1; repeat from * to end of round (72sts)

Work 2 rounds garter stitch

Next round: *K2tog, yo; repeat from * to end of round

2 rounds of garter stitch

Next round: *K2tog, yo; repeat from * to end of round

Knit 4 rounds garter st.

Take off your stitches on a needle with coarse thread, and tie it up. 3

The pattern stitch knit flat

Begin with a multiple of 13sts plus 4 extra edge stitches

1st row: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, k1, (yo, k1) 8 times; repeat from * to last 4 sts, P1, k2 through back of loop, p1 (21sts per repeat)

2nd row: *k1, p2 through back of loop, k1, p17; repeat from * to last 4 sts, k1, p2 through back of loop, k1 (21sts per repeat)

3rd row: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k13, k2tog; repeat from * to last 4 sts, P1, k2 through back of loop, p1 (19sts per repeat)

4th row: k1, p2 through back of loop, k1, *p2tog, p11, p2tog through the back loops; repeat from * to last 4 sts, k1, p2 through back of loop, k1 (17sts per repeat)

5th row: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to last 4 sts, P1, k2 through back of loop, p1 (15sts per repeat)

6th row: *P2tog, p7, p2tog tlb; repeat from * to last 4 sts, k1, p2 through back of loop, k1 (13sts per repeat)

These 6 rows form the pattern

Chart

How to work the Shell Pattern for a Baby's Cap knit flat

The pattern stitch knit in the round

Begin with a multiple of 13sts

1st round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, k1, (yo, k1) 8 times; repeat from * to end of round (21sts per repeat)

2nd round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, k17; repeat from * to end of round (21sts per repeat)

3rd round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k13, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (19sts per repeat)

4th round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k11, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (17sts per repeat)

5th round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k9, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (15sts per repeat)

6th round: *P1, k2 through back of loop, p1, ssk, k7, k2tog; repeat from * to end of round (13sts per repeat)

These 6 rounds form the pattern

Chart

How to work the Shell Pattern for a Baby's Cap knit in the round

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