Binding Off

In knitting, binding off (or casting off) is a family of techniques for finishing off stitches, most often at the end of knitting. Binding off may also be used in other contexts, like making buttonholes. In principle, binding off is the opposite of casting on, but the techniques are generally not mirror images of one another. Sometimes, however, they can produce a mirror image appearance. Binding off generally involves passing the final loop of one stitch over the loop of an adjacent stitch. Techniques differ, however, in how this is done.

Different Methods of Binding Off

Simple Bind-Off

Knit Bind-Off

Purl Bind-Off

Decrease Bind-Off

Three-Needle Bind-Off

Stretchy Bind-Offs

There are many different techniques of bind-offs that result in a more elastic, stretchier edge, which is particularly useful for neckline and sock-top (“toe-up”) edges. These are just a few:

Sewn Bind-Off

Peggy’s Stretchy Bind-Off

Twice-Worked Bind-Off

TBL Stretchy Bind-Off

Tubular Bind-Off

Related Links

Casting On


“So I knit him a sock!,”, posted June 20, 2006.

Hiatt, June Hemmons (1988). The Principles of Knitting. New York: Simon and Schuster, pp 123-148.

“Peggy’s stretchy bind-off for toe-up socks,”

(1979) Reader’s Digest Complete Guide to Needlework. Reader’s Digest Association.

(2002) Vogue Knitting: The Ultimate Knitting Book. New York: Sixth and Spring Books.

Wiseman, Nancy M. (2002). The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques. Woodinville, WA: Martingale & Company, pp 49-59.

Zimmermann, Elizabeth (1971). Knitting without Tears. New York: Scribner.

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