Baby Surprise Jacket

The Baby Surprise Jacket was designed by Elizabeth Zimmermann in 1968 and remains a popular baby garment to this day. It is an excellent pattern for making use of oddments of yarn or self striping yarns with long colour repeats, but looks equally nice knit in a single colour with a contrasting button band.

The jacket is knit in a single piece with just two seams that run across each of the shoulders and down the length of the sleeves. It includes extra ease across the back of the garment to fit well over a nappy (diaper).

Commonly referred to as the “BSJ”, the baby surprise jacket is a very entertaining piece of knitted engineering.

A completed baby surprise jacket

A completed baby surprise jacket

When you first cast off your BSJ it will look like something like this. Do not fear! This is what it is supposed to look like!

The baby surprise jacket before seaming

The baby surprise jacket before seaming

The cast on and off edges of the baby surprise jacket

The cast on and off edges of the baby surprise jacket

When folded according to the pattern, it magically reshapes itself into a very normal looking baby jacket.

The front of the folded baby surprise jacket

The front of the folded baby surprise jacket

The back of the folded baby surprise jacket.

The back of the folded baby surprise jacket.

Notes on the Pattern

Gauge and Size

16 stitches per 4”/10cm = 22 ½” chest circumference
20 stitches per 4”/10cm = 18” chest circumference
22 stitches per 4”/10cm = 16 ½” chest circumference
24 stitches per 4”/10cm = 15” chest circumference
28 stitches per 4”/10cm = 13” chest circumference

Minor Pattern Changes

Avoiding picking up stitches on the wrong side of the row

Colour blip caused by picking up stitches on the wrong side of the row

Colour blip caused by picking up stitches on the wrong side of the row

I used the instructions from Knitting Workshop to knit my BSJ and there is a minor change in the order of the knitting that I will make next time. In the section where the pattern says to work 10 ridges on the centre 90 sts and then pick up stitches and knit to the end, I work this as follows:

Having finished after working a wrong side row, break the yarn. With right side facing rejoin the yarn at the first marked stitch and work 10 ridges on the centre 90 sts, ending having just worked a wrong side row. Break the yarn.

Rejoin the yarn to the very beginning of the row. Knit 34, pick up 10 stitches along the side of the centre panel that you have just knit, knit across the centre 90 stitches, pick up 10 stitches down the other side of the centre panel and knit the final 34 stitches. Turn and knit back across the entire row.

You now have 178 stitches and can continue with the pattern where it says “(178sts)”. Working the centre in this manner means you won’t have to pick up any stitches on the wrong side of your knitting, the front edges will match exactly and you will be able to work stripes wherever you wish.

Casting off

Continuing the increases on the cast off row will give you nice crisp corners

Continuing the increases on the cast off row will give you nice crisp corners

Continue working your increases on the cast off row to keep the bottom corner of the button bands from becoming rounded.

Placing Your Stripes

The following is a short guide to where the stripes will fall as you knit.

The baby surprise jacket at 22 ridges

The baby surprise jacket at 22 ridges

This photo shows my BSJ at 22 ridges. Stripes worked in this section fall across the ends of the sleeves and across the full width of the back

The baby surprise jacket after working the neck shaping

The baby surprise jacket after working the neck shaping

This photo shows my BSJ after working the neck shaping. Stripes worked here will fall down the front of the jacket and across the hips.

Lengthening the Sleeves

There are many ways to lengthen the sleeves on a baby surprise jacket. Blouson Sleeves

Baby surprise jacket with blouson sleeves

Baby surprise jacket with blouson sleeves

To knit a BSJ with longer sleeves you will need to cast on using a long tail cast on. This will make the ridge where you pick up the stitches to lengthen your sleeves totally invisible on the right side of the knitting.

Cast on an extra 9 stitches on each side (a total of 178sts) and place your first marker on the 45th stitch. Place your second marker on the 134th stitch.

Row one will begin and end with k43
Row three will begin and end with k42
Row five will begin and end with k41 and so on.

When the pattern says to increase 9 sts across the end sections just knit without increasing as you already have the extra 9 stitches in place. Continue knitting the pattern as written.

When you have finished knitting the jacket as written in the pattern (including casting off), pick up 44 stitches along the end of your sleeve and knit 10 rows.

Next row: K2, *K2tog, k1; repeat from * to the end of the row (30sts)

Change to needles one size smaller than those you used to knit the rest of your baby surprise jacket and work 14 rows k1, p1, rib. Cast off and sew up your jacket.

Collars

Fold-Over Collar

Baby surprise jacket with fold over collar

Baby surprise jacket with fold over collar

After sewing the shoulder seams, with the right side facing you, pick up 18sts along the front edge of the neck, up to the shoulder seam, 17 stitches across the back and 18 stitches down the other side of the front.

Knit 8 ridges (15 rows) and cast off. For a deeper collar just knit more rows before casting off.

Shirt Collar

You can find directions for adding a shirt collar to your BSJ on Panda Man’s Knitting Corner blog.

Big Mitred Collar

The baby surprise jacket with a big mitred collar

The baby surprise jacket with a big mitred collar

After sewing the shoulder seams, with the right side facing you, pick up 17sts along the front edge of the neck, up to the shoulder seam, 18 stitches across the back and 17 stitches down the other side of the front. (52sts)

Knit one row.

Mark the 13th and 40th stitches.

1st row: Knit, working M1 at both sides of each marked stitch.
2nd row: Knit

Repeat the last 2 rows until you have worked 10 ridges (19 rows). Cast off, working the increases on the cast off row so the points on the collar remain sharp.

Adding a Hood

Instructions for adding a hood to the BSJ can be found in the letters section in Knitters Magazine #57, Winter 1999

Sophia of the Yarn Over Manhattan blog has used the Tomten hood on a BSJ to very nice effect.

Stella of knitknitfrog has also added a hood based on EZ’s mitered baby bonnet pattern which is available in the Opinionated knitter. The mitered bonnet follows the mitering of the original BSJ, and the jacket was finished with an i-cord.The interesting dots where the stripes change colors was achieved quite simply by starting all stripes on the right side of the work, then knitting the first row a strip with alternate stitches in the old stripe colour and then the new stripe colour. Following rows are knit to continue the garter stitch effect.

Baby surprise jacket with a hood based on the mitred baby bonnet in the Opinionated Knitter

Baby surprise jacket with a hood based on the mitred baby bonnet in the Opinionated Knitter

Different effects occur depending on how stripes are placed when working the back section of the hood.

Back of the baby surprise jacket with hood

Back of the baby surprise jacket with hood

This hood was mattress seamed to the neck, but possibly could be reverse engineered so stitches were picked up around the neck and the hood knit up.

Adding a Ruffled Edge and Cuffs

Baby surprise jacket with ruffled edging

Baby surprise jacket with ruffled edging

Ravelry user loves2knit4six has added a ruffled edge and cuffs to her BSJ using an adaptation of the edging on Jillian Moreno’s Boo coat on knitty.com

Working the Jacket in Stockinette or Stocking Stitch

You can find a full list of changes to the pattern on the “Panda Man’s Knitting Corner” blog. Please note that you will still need the original pattern in order to use these changes.

Where to Find the Pattern

Knitters Magazine Spring 1989 pp 26-27, ‘The Original Baby Surprise Jacket’ Knitting Workshop by Elizabeth Zimmermann Knitting the Baby Surprise Jacket DVD includes instructions for knitting a collar and matching bonnet The Opinionated Knitter by Elizabeth Zimmermann. The Opinionated Knitter also contains patterns for a matching bonnet, booties and a bunting bag. Spun Out 1B from Schoolhouse Press Vogue Knitting International Spring/Summer 2007 pp 28, EZ’s Surplice Baby Jacket (a BSJ with surplice styling)

Other Patterns of Interest

Adult Surprise Jacket The Mitred U Baby Jacket by Megan Mills of NZ

Other Websites of Interest

Baby Surprise jackets on Flickr.com The Elizabeth Zimmermann Knits Flickr group The Zimmermania community blog The Ravelry Baby Surprise Jacket Group (must be a Ravelry member)

22 Responses to Baby Surprise Jacket

  1. Pingback: Choosing Buttons for Baby Garments | Mostly Knitting Blog

  2. Trish says:

    desperate to make this for my grandson. Unable to obtain pattern. i’ve even try the website (US) to obtain pattern no luck

    Need help can you advise

  3. Carola Winter says:

    Thank you for all the info, i just got my knitting workshop today from Amazon, and thaught the sleeves aré a little short! i’ll follow your advice!

  4. dianna milam says:

    Hello! I just love the teal and rusty orange color combo on this BSJ. Please can someone tell me what yarn type and color was used…. Many thanks!
    – Dianna

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  6. Tanya Ralph says:

    I am nervously starting my first Baby Surprise Jacket! Having read comments from others, I don’t feel alone anymore!
    Tanya Ralph, New Zealand

  7. Tanya Ralph says:

    Hi I have completed my first baby surprise jacket in 21 days and I am simply delighted with it. It is easy when you know how and I shall be knitting more of them in the future. I can’t wait to show it to my friends at Gknitting group tomorrow. Mascoes the wool shop in Downtown Auckland helped me whenever I got stuck, bless them. I did have to undo a few rows from time to time but I pressed on because it was such a creative pattern. I also found help on your site. Thank you.
    Tanya Ralph, New Zealand

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  9. Vanessa says:

    Thank you so much, I know a mum and new born who would love this! I appreciate the links and excellent blog post.

    I have just picked up my knitting needles again after years of absence……this is great inspiration.

  10. Barbara Williams says:

    hello,
    Can you tell me please what yarn to use for this pattern, or the equivalent, as I am in the UK.
    Many thanks
    Regards,
    Barbara

    • That would probably be aran weight for the size at 20sts per 10cm but I’d check your gauge to be sure. It also depends on what size you want to make (see the section about gauge and size).

    • Hi Stephanie,

      I think the easiest way to get it in NZ would be to buy it straight from Schoolhouse Press. I’m not affiliated with them in any way but they’re great people and I’ve never regretted any purchases I’ve made from them 🙂

  11. Jennifer Jones says:

    Hi There, I am in South Africa and so badly want to make this jersey, Please tell me what is the easiest way to obtain this.. Thank you..<3

    • Hi Jennifer,

      I think the easiest way to get it would be to purchase it from Schoolhouse press from the link in the article. I’m in Australia and I bought my copy from them way back in the 90’s before they even had a website and they were fantastic 🙂

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  13. Jennifer Jones says:

    Hi There, my mom bvought me the Elizabeth Zimmerman’s knitting workshop book but made a mistake and did not get me the revised version of it.. I would like to buy the leaflet one with the childrens and adults sizes.. Can I pay for it and could it be sent to me to download as I would not advise it to be posted to me as I am not sure if I will get it.. I need it to be emailed to me or if I can pay for a download.. Please could you tell me what is best to do.. Regards Jenny..

    • Hi Jennifer,
      You’ll have to contact the team at SchoolHouse Press for an answer. They sell the pattern individually and I’m sure they’d be happy to help.
      Sarah