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Zēna Cepure (Latvian Boy's Hat) from Adījumu Raksti un Adīšanas Technika

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Zēna Cepure (Boy's Hat) from Adījumu Raksti un Adīšanas Technika Charlie weaing a Latvian hat

This hat truly is the Elizabeth Zimmermann baby surprise jacket of hats. Designed in Latvia in 1956, I think it's destined to become a worldwide favourite over 55 years later. I've translated the original pattern (allowed under Soviet copyright law of the period of publication), fixed the errors, added some missing information and an adult size and rewritten it in a form that most of today's knitters will be more comfortable with.


DK weight wool in the following colours (amounts are approximate as you design your own stripes):

75 g of brick red,
15 g of light yellow 
10 g of a dark brown
10 g green

A pair of 4mm needles


22sts to 10cm/4"

Note: If you want your hat to fit more like a tight skull cap, use a sport weight wool and 3.75mm needles at a gauge of 24-26sts per 10cm/4"


As written the pattern will fit 19-20" head circumference. Please note: The hat shown in the photo fits my son well (he is an extremely tall 5 yo at the time of taking this photo), but the ear flaps look longer than in the drawing. If you prefer them shorter just cast on 136 stitches and work 23 sts wherever the pattern says 25.

To size the pattern up for adults, cast on 156sts and work 27 and 15sts between the increases and decreases instead of 25 and 13. Knit for 7 inches before casting off.

If you want to knit the pattern as written but prefer a more snug fit, knit at a gauge of 24-26sts to 10cm (see note under "gauge" above)


This hat is knit back and forth in garter stitch.

Work in stripes according to your own choice.

Cast on 144 stitches. Use a long tail cast on and begin with the next row of instructions or use a cable cast on and knit one row. (If you used a long tail cast on you won't need to knit one row before continuing).

The next row will be your first right side row.

1st row: K1, m1, k25, (k2tog) twice, k25, m1, k2, m1, k13, (k2tog) twice, k13, m1, k2, m1, k25, (k2tog) twice), k25, m1, k1. (144 stitches)

2nd row: Knit

Repeat these two rows until you have worked 6 ¼" from the cast on edge, measuring up from the point at the centre of the row.

Cast off, working the increases and decreases in the cast off row.

You'll have a piece of knitting shaped like this, which looks nothing like a hat whatsoever. Don't worry, it will!


Sew the seams, matching A to A, B to B and so on.

Block using an apropriate method for your choice of yarn. (Mine is still drying. I'll add a picture of it once it's dry)

You now have a cute little hat with a widow's peak at the front and two large triangular earflaps!

Knitting in the Round Without Seams

It is possible to knit this hat in the round. Simply join for circular knitting after casting on and purl every second round instead of knitting.

You can also avoid having to seam the top by joining it using a three needle bind off.

Translation from the original Latvian, corrections, additional sizes and information copyright Sarah Bradberry, April 28th 2014. All rights reserved. You may not edit, email, publish, or distribute the contents of this page in any form without the prior permission of the copyright holder. If you would like to share the information on this page you may do so by giving the link to this page which is

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